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75.2 million
The number of children and adults enrolled in school throughout the country in October 2006 -- from nursery school to college.

Pre-K through 12 Enrollment

Percentage of 3- and 4-year-olds enrolled in school in October 2006.

Percentage of children 3 to 6 enrolled in kindergarten who attended all day, as of October 2006.

56 million
The projected number of students to be enrolled in the nation's elementary through high schools (grades K-12) this fall. (2010)

Number of students 30 and older enrolled in elementary school, as of October 2006.

Projected percentage of elementary through high school students enrolled in private schools this fall. (2010)

Percentage of elementary through high school students who were minorities, as of October 2006.

Percentage of elementary through high school students who have at least one foreign-born parent in October 2006. Five percent were foreign-born themselves.

Percentage of children 6 to 11 who participated in lessons as of 2004. Lessons include those taken after school or on the weekend in subjects such as music, dance, language, computers or religion. The corresponding percentage a decade earlier was 24 percent.

Percentage of children 6 to 11 who had ever attended or been enrolled in first grade or higher and had changed schools at some point as of 2004, down from 30 percent a decade earlier. For children 12 to 17, the corresponding rate declined from 52 percent to 42 percent over the period.

The percentage of children 6 to 11 who had ever repeated a grade as of 2004, unchanged from a decade earlier. For children 12 to 17, the rate declined from 16 percent to 11 percent over the period.


10.9 million
Number of school-age children (5 to 17) who speak a language other than English at home; 7.8 million of these children speak Spanish at home.


30.5 million
Average number of children participating each month in the national school lunch program in 2007.

9.3 billion
The nation's total apple production, in pounds, in 2007, down from 9.9 billion in 2006. The chances are good that the apples your children present to their teachers or enjoy for lunch were grown in Washington state, which accounted for more than half of the nation's total production.


18.4 million
The projected number of students enrolled in the nation's colleges and universities this fall. This is up from 13.5 million 20 years ago.

Percentage of all college students 25 and older in October 2006; 55 percent of these older students attended school part time.

Percentage of undergraduates enrolled in four-year colleges in October 2006. Of those enrolled in such schools, 80 percent attended full time.

Percentage of 18- and 19-year-olds enrolled in college in 2006.

Percentage of undergraduates who were women in October 2006.

8.6 million
Number of people who hold bachelor's degrees in business. Twenty-five percent of bachelor's degrees were in this field.

5.6 years
Average amount of time it takes people to complete bachelor's degrees. It took 4.4 years to complete an associate's degree.

How Many Schools?

Number of public schools in 2005-06. The corresponding number of private schools was 28,996 in 2005-06.

Number of institutions of higher learning that granted college degrees in 2005.

The number of public charter schools nationwide in 2005-06. These schools, exempt from selected state and local rules and regulations, enrolled 1 million students.

Teachers and Other School Personnel

7.1 million
Number of teachers in the United States in 2007. Some 2.9 million teach at the elementary and middle school level. The remainder includes those teaching at the postsecondary, secondary, and preschool and kindergarten levels.

Average annual salary of public school teachers in California as of the 2005-2006 school year -- the highest of any state. Teachers in South Dakota received the lowest pay -- $34,709. The national average was $49,026. High school principals earned $92,965 annually in 2006-07.

Average hourly wage for the nation's school bus drivers in 2006-07. Custodians earned $13.78, while cafeteria workers made $11.16.


14.2 million
Number of computers available for classroom use in the nation's schools as of the 2005-2006 school year. That works out to one computer for every four students.

The Rising Cost of College

Average tuition, room and board (for in-state students) at the nation's four-year public colleges and universities for an entire academic year (2006-07). That is more than double the corresponding figure in 1990.
Source: Upcoming Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2009, Table 282 <>

Average tuition, room and board at the nation's four-year private colleges and universities for one academic year (2006-07). That also is more than double the corresponding 1990 figure.

The Rewards of Staying in School

Average annual 2006 earnings of workers 18 and older with an advanced degree. This compares with $20,873 for those without a high school diploma. In addition, those with a bachelor's degree earned an average of $56,788 in 2006, while those with a high school diploma earned $31,071.

Average starting salary offered to bachelor's degree candidates in petroleum engineering in 2007, among the highest of any field of study. At the other end of the spectrum were those majoring in the humanities, who were offered an average of $31,345.

Average monthly earnings for full-time workers 18 and older with earnings who had a bachelor's degree in engineering.

Average monthly earnings for full-time workers 18 and older with earnings who had a bachelor's degree in education.

Back-to-School Shopping

$7.5 billion
The amount of money spent at family clothing stores in August 2007. Only in November and December -- the holiday shopping season -- were sales significantly higher. Similarly, sales at bookstores in August 2007 totaled $2.3 billion, an amount approached in 2007 only by sales in January and December.

For back-to-school shopping, choices of retail establishments abound: In 2005, there were 24,659 family clothing stores, 6,305 children and infants clothing stores, 26,416 shoe stores, 9,501 office supply and stationery stores, 23,195 sporting goods stores, 11,077 bookstores and 9,589 department stores.

Government Spending on Public Education

The per-pupil expenditure on public elementary and secondary education nationally in 2006. New York ($14,884) spent the most among states or state equivalents, followed by New Jersey ($14,630) and the District of Columbia ($13,446). Utah ($5,437) spent the least per student, followed by Idaho ($6,440) and Arizona ($6,472).


3.3 million
Projected number of high school diplomas that will be awarded in the 2008-09 school year.

3.1 million
Number of college degrees expected to be conferred in the 2008-09 school year.

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